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Salzburg was originally known as Juvavum, a trading stop on one of the Roman Empire’s most important routes. It declined during hard times after the Goths’ attack on Rome, and as the western part of the empire declined, so did Salzburg. All that remained was a small village. In 696 AD the city was revived. Bishop Rupert was so fond of the area’s beauty that he re-named it Salzburg after the river Salzach, and made it an Episcopal See. His successors, the bishops Wolf Dietrich, Markus Sittikusand, and Paris Lodron, were instrumental in creating the Salzburg we know today, especially its majestic Baroque churches, palaces, and castles. Most of the cultural treasures, including the Altstadt (the Old Town) and the Hohensalzburg fortress, are in the western part of the city known as Salzachufer. One of the world’s most outstanding geniuses, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, was born here in 1756. His place of birth, Hagenauer Haus, still stands to this day. After World War II, Salzburg became one of Austria’s most important commercial centres as well as one of its largest tourist destinations. One of the major reasons was the 1964 film, "Sound of Music." The new Salzburg, with its banks, railway and bus stations, Mirabellplatz and many cheap hotels has sprung up on the right side of the river Rechtes Salzachufer.
The medieval and baroque area of the city is a world cultural heritage site and features a number of impressive and historical sights, as well as museums and family trip destinations. Visitors can almost breathe the history of the town on the River Salzach while also catching plenty of glimpses of contemporary architecture and the modern world. Fortress Hohensalzburg perches regally at the top of the 'Festungsberg' and is one of the largest fortified defence systems in Europe. Gazing down to the foot of the Mönchsberg visitors see the festival district and the large festival hall, Felsenreitschule riding school built into the mountainside, and the 'Haus für Mozart'. The Getreidegasse is a well-known attraction and is one of the most attractive and heavily frequented shopping streets in the world. A stone’s throw away there is Salzburg cathedral with its imposing dome and magnificent facade made of marble hewn from the Untersberg.
Salzburg Festival

Salzburg Festival

OPERA, THEATRE & CONCERTS OF THE HIGHEST QUALITY! The Salzburg Festival is famous all over the world and a highlight in the cultural year every time. Every summer the Salzburg Festival transforms the city of Mozart into a gigantic stage for a number of weeks. On 'first nights' the Hofstallgasse along the front of the main festival hall is packed with luxury limousines and members of high society! A WIDE RANGE OF EVENTS FOR A COLOURFUL FESTIVAL PROGRAMME! Every year the Salzburg Festival stages around 200 events. Several great venues are used to find the best stage for a colourful range of events. Some of the best known venues include the main festival hall, the Felsenreitschule, the House for Mozart and Domplatz square, upon which the famous morality play 'Everyman' is staged. HERBERT VON KARAJAN AND THE SALZBURG FESTIVAL! The era of Herbert von Karajan began in Salzburg in the post-war years. In 1948 he conducted his first operatic production in the city – Gluck’s Orpheus. In 1956 he was appointed artistic director and in 1957 he directed Beethoven’s Fidelio for the first time. In 1960 Herbert von Karajan opened the new main festival hall, heralding the dawn of a new era when he conducted Richard Strauss’s 'Der Rosenkavalier'. Although Karajan was no longer the sole artistic director from autumn 1960 onwards, and was part of a board of directors from 1964, he was still the one pulling all the strings and making the key decisions. He was the very last 'absolutist ruler' as one obituary remarked following his death in 1989. In 1967 he established the Easter Festival, which he managed until his death. Every year he worked on a new operatic production with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, who were made available by the Berlin Senate for the occasion. He also founded the Salzburg Pfingstkonzerte at Whitsuntide.

The city of Salzburg has the ideal holiday itinerary for every type of traveller - for families, gays and lesbians, lovers, culture seekers and short break enthusiasts. Discover the very best of Salzburg in just 48 hours or on a laid-back family holiday. Lovers and romantics can visit the world’s most magnificent wedding hall – the marble hall at Schloss Mirabell palace.
Salzburg Card Package 48 hours Time for your appearance on the “Stage of the World”. Enjoy Salzburg with our “Salzburg Card Packages” Salzburg Card Package 2 nights / 48h includes: • 2 nights accommodation included breakfast in some selected hotels • free, single admission to all of the city's attractions for 48 hours • free use of public transport for 48 hours • attractive discounts for cultural events • reduced prices at a number of excursion destinations *** (Breakfast) from 119.00 EUR **** (Breakfast) from 139.00 EUR The Salzburg card will be deposit at the reception of your hotel. Salzburg Card Package 72 hours Time for your appearance on the “Stage of the World”. Enjoy Salzburg with our “Salzburg Card Packages” Salzburg Card Package 3 nights / 72h includes: • 3 nights accommodation included breakfast in some selected hotels • free, single admission to all of the city's attractions for 72 hours • free use of public transport for 72 hours • attractive discounts for cultural events • reduced prices at a number of excursion destinations *** (Breakfast) from 169.00 EUR **** (Breakfast) from 199.00 EUR The Salzburg card will be deposit at the reception of your hotel.
Eating and drinking in Salzburg are pleasures of the highest order. The immense variety of options includes beer gardens, traditional coffee houses, award-winning restaurants, bars and cosy taverns. There is an incredible range of restaurants and food outlets in the city, so connoisseurs, nibblers and night clubbers can all be sure of finding something to suit their tastes. People eating out have some tough decisions to make in Salzburg. The county of Salzburg boasts a higher density of award-winning restaurants than any other Austrian province. Salzburg is also a pioneer of the organic food revolution. Around 38% of the agricultural operations here are run by certified 'Bio' farmers. This enables the countless simple, down-to-earth restaurants and inns to serve Salzburg specialities that really do come from Salzburg. Four very special breweries in the city of Salzburg offer delicious and hearty meals and snacks in a convivial atmosphere. Visitors looking for a snack can look into one of the delicatessens in the heart of the old town, take a stroll around the Grünmarkt, or try the produce at the farmers’ markets held once a week on the Mirabellplatz and Papagenoplatz squares.
Like all other European cities, Salzburg has caught the cappuccino craze, but do not despair - there are alternatives. There are places that serve proper black coffee with apfelstrudel, that have a proper table to spread out your newspaper on, and where there are more people to look at besides lounging teenagers.
Salzburg has a surprisingly large selection of bars. Just as with the restaurants, the best experience is at one of the traditional bars. In other words, head for Salzburg’s wonderful beer gardens, the Biergarten. Try Augustiner Bräu on Augustinergasse 4, whose beer is still brewed by monks, or the Stieglkeller at Festungsgasse 10, part of the Stiegl brewery, with postcard-perfect views. Here are a few other suggestions:
Shopping in Salzburg is an experience in itself. Visitors can choose from boutiques, fashionable flagship stores, shopping centres and traditional family-owned businesses. Obviously, Salzburg offers the usual range of designer brands, street wear and traditional shops. However, for those looking for something a little out-of-the-ordinary there are also fashion accessories with typical alpine flair, as well as traditional 'tracht' styles and lederhosen - and don’t forget to round off the day with a bag or box of delicious chocolate-dipped marzipan Mozartkugels.
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